Details about data collection for each set of pertinent variables are described below. Paradoxically, housing instability is consistently associated with criminal recidivism and absconding. Socia3, and Andrew J. Sex offenders were more likely than the general population to become homeless. Sex Offender Residence Restrictions SORRs As publicly accessible sex offender registries have gone online nationwide, citizens have become more aware of convicted sex offenders living in the community. When implementing sex offender management policies, lawmakers should consider transience as an unintended negative consequence. Too abundant to count are local SORR ordinances passed by cities, towns, and counties. In Broward County, Florida the greater Fort Lauderdale area , a task force report revealed that the number of compliant dwellings decreased as buffer zone sizes increased Broward County Commission,
Proximity and Recidivism SORR laws are based on the seemingly logical premise that by requiring child molest- ers to live far from places where children congregate, repeat sex crimes can be pre- vented. This exploratory study is the first to examine transient sex offenders as a group. Similarly, in New Jersey, relatively few 4. The offense data was linked to the offender by a unique identifier created with the scraped data file. Some researchers have argued that policies restricting where sex offenders live, rather than where they go and what they do, ignore empirical evidence, and thus misdirect prevention strategies Colombino et al. Local ordinances can be found in most states, even those with- out statewide laws, and often exceed state laws by expanding restricted areas up to 2, feet almost a half mile surrounding places frequented by children. Unable to reside with family and without the financial resources to pay for security deposits, furnishings, and rent payments, some sex offenders face homelessness. Offenders in each file were matched by last name, first name, and birth date. Too abundant to count are local SORR ordinances passed by cities, towns, and counties. The most common buffer zones are 1, to 2, feet around pro- tected venues, such as schools, parks, playgrounds, and day care centers. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and popu- lation density U. By , 15 states had passed similar laws, but within 2 years of the murder of nine-year old Jessica Lunsford by a convicted sex offender in Florida, the number of states with SORRs doubled. Based on the existing literature, it was hypothesized that higher proportions of transient homeless sex offenders would be found in counties with more plentiful and restrictive ordi- nances, in more densely populated counties, and in counties with more expensive housing costs. In some states, facilities such as arcades, amusement parks, movie theaters, youth sports facili- ties, school bus stops, and libraries are also protected Meloy et al. In Colorado, recidivists and non-recidivists were found to be distributed randomly throughout the geographical area with no evi- dence that recidivists lived closer to schools and day care centers Colorado Department of Public Safety, Sex offenders were more likely than the general population to become homeless. Subjects Data on the sex offenders and their offenses were obtained from two sources. Repeat sex offenders often live far from a crime scene, suggesting that their residential proximity to a particular location did not facilitate their crimes Minnesota Department of Corrections [DOC], Context of the Current Study: In January , the researchers worked with a computer program- mer to obtain a data file with all available information on the actual Florida sex offender registry. This file was obtained in April , but did not include offense data. Socia3, and Andrew J. This process allowed the researchers to merge the two files into one data set that included all the variables provided by the FDLE and the offense data provided by the scrape. As such, each row of the offense data contained one specific offense and the full file included 83, offenses. The offense-level file captured each individual offense as a row, whereas the offender- level file identified each row as one specific offender. Paradoxically, housing instability is consistently associated with criminal recidivism and absconding. The first objective was to describe the characteristics of transient homeless sex offenders living throughout the state of Florida.
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Deputies: Registered sex offender traveled across counties to have sex with 11-year-old
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