Santelli J et al. Given current conservative pressures to drastically cut domestic spending and taxes across the board, and with a like-minded administration now in the White House, social conservatives will likely press forward with efforts to significantly reduce or eliminate funding for the more comprehensive programs that currently serve adolescents: For more than four decades, sex education has been a critically important but contentious public health and policy issue in the United States [ 1 — 5 ]. Consequences of sex education on teen and young adult behaviors and outcomes. Meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents in school-based health centers. Fully supporting adolescents requires making these federal initiatives better. The content of these programs, however, can vary considerably, from those that stress abstinence as the only option for youth, to those that address abstinence along with medically accurate information about safer sexual practices including the use of contraceptives and condoms. Department of Health and Human Services; At the same time, the Trump Administration announced the availability of new funding for the TPP program with updated guidelines.
National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Instead, students are instructed only about abstinence, using one or more points from the following federal definition describing a program eligible for federal Title V funding as one that: Journal of Adolescent Health ; 38 1: All programs must adhere to the federal A-H definition, and states must match every four federal dollars with three state dollars. Broadening the evidence for adolescent sexual and reproductive health and education in the United States. Explaining recent declines in adolescent pregnancy in the United States: STD Surveillance Report, Funding for these programs was reduced significantly while President Obama was in office, shifting in large part to support more comprehensive, medically accurate and age-appropriate programs. Modern implementation strategies must use complementary modes of communication and delivery, including peers, digital and social media, and gaming, to fully engage young people [ 14 , 22 , 23 , 27 ]. Recent evaluations of programs funded under this initiative showed that roughly one in three had successfully demonstrated a positive impact—a larger proportion than typically found in evaluation efforts of this nature and thus an impressive result. Lindberg L, Maddow-Zimet I. Programs did not delay sexual initiation or lower rates of pregnancy or STIs. However, the Trump Administration has released a new funding announcement that focuses on programs that teach abstinence instead of comprehensive sex education. While teens who participated in these programs could identify types of STIs at slightly higher rates than those who did not, program youth were less likely to correctly report that condoms are effective at preventing STIs. Research, program, and policy efforts are urgently needed to identify effective ways to harness media within classroom, clinic, family household, and community contexts to reach the range of key stakeholders [ 13 , 14 , 22 — 24 ]. A framework-based content analysis. The case for addressing gender and power in sexuality and HIV education: A comprehensive review of evaluation studies. The effectiveness of group-based comprehensive risk-reduction and abstinence education interventions to prevent or reduce the risk of adolescent pregnancy, human immunodeficiency virus, and sexually transmitted infections: The content of these programs, however, can vary considerably, from those that stress abstinence as the only option for youth, to those that address abstinence along with medically accurate information about safer sexual practices including the use of contraceptives and condoms. Conceptualization, clarification and challenges. Members of Congress must soon turn their attention to the task of funding federal agencies and programs for the remainder of FY and all of FY Others have commented on the myriad of online sexual and reproductive resources available to adolescents and their increasing use of sites such as Bedsider. In , a nine-year congressionally mandated study that followed four of the programs during the implementation of the Title V AOUM program found that abstinence-only education had no effect on the sexual behavior of youth. Consequences of sex education on teen and young adult behaviors and outcomes. Perspect Sex Reprod Health.
Video about funding for abstinence based sex education:
TOOL TIME: Screw science, fund Abstinence Only Sex-Ed!
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