Possible total scores ranged from five very conservative to 25 very liberal. All data were weighted to represent the proportions of students in each discipline at the four universities. Despite its religious imprimatur, sigheh has never been very popular in Iran, particularly among unmarried youth, and the majority Sunni sect has banned the practice. Resnick MD et al. Arvan, in Persian. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were conducted to examine associations? Opponents argue that temporary marriage promotes promiscuity, complicates the issue of legal paternity and has negative effects on the stability of permanent marriage.
In multivariate logistic models that included all of the family measures and controlled for age, some of the explanatory variables—family residence, father's education, family atmosphere and mother-daughter communication—were no longer associated with young women's having had a premarital relationship. Associations between family factors and the primary outcomes were examined using bivariate and multivariate analysis. However, results from diverse cultural contexts regarding the association between family income and education and onset of sex are contradictory; some relate higher parental education and income to postponement of premarital sexual intercourse, 20,43 while others have not found such a relationship. All data were weighted to represent the proportions of students in each discipline at the four universities. Possible scores ranged from two little closeness and attachment to 10 high closeness and attachment. Islam emphasizes the sanctity of the family and the importance of forming a family. In particular, the more liberal the family values, the greater the likelihood that a young woman had had a boyfriend or premarital sex. Possible scores again ranged from five negative atmosphere to 25 positive atmosphere. The fifth factor, parental control, consisted of a single item concerning how permissive or strict the respondent's parents had been when she was an adolescent. However, the determinants of such relationships have not been identified, especially those pertaining to family. Danziger SK, Family life and teenage pregnancy in the innercity: In this study, respondents were asked only one question about parental control during adolescence; using multiple questions about parental monitoring and control to build a scale would have allowed a more precise evaluation. Scores on all five family scales differed according to respondents' premarital activity. The second factor, family values, consisted of five questions concerning parents' religiosity, modernity, and attitudes toward premarital heterosexual friendship, premarital mixed-sex parties and dating. Loading patterns suggested that it was appropriate to separate items according to our conceptual framework. A limitation of our study is its cross-sectional design, which does not permit us to determine causality. However, because of missing data, in some analyses the sample size is slightly smaller. In other words, better family atmosphere and parent-child communication may lead to more consistent parent-child sexual values and greater respect for parents' sexual attitudes our measures of better parent-child closeness , and thus lead to lower levels of premarital heterosexual friendship and sexual intercourse. Family atmosphere was poorer among women who reported having had a boyfriend or having had sex than among their counterparts without such experiences mean scores, These findings are fairly consistent with those of recent small-scale studies that had less representative samples of Iranian college students. Approval for the study was provided by the ethics committee of Shahid Beheshti University, university authorities and disciplinary directors. However, results from diverse cultural contexts regarding the association between family income and education and onset of sex are contradictory; some relate higher parental education and income to postponement of premarital sexual intercourse, 20,43 while others have not found such a relationship. Moreover, parents tend to transmit their values and attitudes to their children; hence, we might expect that liberal parents are more likely than other parents to have daughters who hold liberal attitudes and are willing to associate with men before marriage. Afkhami M and Friedl E, eds. The fourth factor was parent-child closeness or attachment. Haeri S, Temporary marriage:
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